Rust multi module microservices Part 5 - Common

Every workspace can have multiple application crates that can have some common utility functions, constants, models/structs for HTTP Request/Response, Kafka Messages, and much more. For this purpose, we are having the common crate to be used for holding common business domain contexts.

Go ahead and create the above files/folders and we will update the contents as shown below.


name = "common"
version = "0.0.0"
edition = "2021"

# See more keys and their definitions at

serde = {workspace = true}
derive_builder = { workspace = true}
strum = {workspace = true}
apache-avro = {workspace = true}

We add the derive_builder and strum crates for utilities. You can read more about them to check out their capabilities.


use apache_avro::AvroSchema;
use derive_builder::Builder;
use serde::{Deserialize, Serialize};

#[derive(Serialize, Deserialize, Builder, Clone, Debug, AvroSchema)]
pub struct CreatedBook {
    id: i32,
    title: String,
    isbn: String,

The CreatedBook struct serves as the structure for the Kafka message that we will produce in books_api and consume in books_analytics. Although we use Rust for both producing and consuming, the need for a schema registry to validate the schema might not be as crucial. However, in real-world scenarios, it is highly likely that other microservices will be written in various language-framework combinations, which justifies the need for a schema registry. This registry can prevent messages with non-conforming schemas from being produced or consumed.


use strum::Display;

pub enum Topics {

We have created an enumeration of Topics, but feel free to change it to a String or any other data structure that better suits your needs.


pub mod constants;
pub mod dto;

We register the modules of the events and expose them publically.


pub mod events;

At this stage, we have completed the implementation of the common modules and are ready to create the two microservices, books_api and books_analytics, in the upcoming articles.

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